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How Does a Heat Pump’s Heating & Cooling Mode Work?

Two people using a fan

Before installing a heat pump, you need to understand that it works differently from standard HVAC equipment that provides conditioned air. Your home’s heat pump functions by absorbing heat energy from the outside air and transferring it indoors if you’re using an air-source heat pump. If you’re using a ground-source heat pump, on the other hand, the heat transfer happens between your indoor air and the ground outside your home.

In today’s post, the authority on heat pumps and indoor air quality services, Anthony's Cooling-Heating-Electrical, Inc., shares the basic functions of a heat pump and how heating and cooling modes work.

The Functions of Cooling Mode

If your heat pump is running in cooling mode, it will pull warm outdoor air into your ductwork with a motorized fan. Afterward, the compressor moves refrigerant from the evaporator towards the outdoor condenser unit. The refrigerant is then transferred back into the indoor evaporator, taking in the heat coming from the air that’s traveling to the air handler.

You’ll then notice that the warm air is now cold and dehumidified, making your living space more comfortable. This cycle will repeat again as long as your heat pump is in cooling mode. If you find that the temperature is insufficient, call on your cooling and heating services expert for a thorough inspection.

The Functions of Heating Mode

When your heat pump is in heating mode, it does the exact opposite of the Electrical cycle. In this case, the outdoor condenser switches roles with the indoor evaporator. Keep in mind that the refrigerant will still flow through the Electrical lines that connect the exterior and interior units.

During the winter, your outdoor unit will continue to absorb heat energy to be used for your indoor unit. The warm air travels through your ductwork and delivers warm air to keep you comfortable amid cold outdoor temperatures.

Anthony’s Cooling and Heating is your leading provider of air conditioning, heating, and electric installation and repair services. Give us a call at (941) 347-0779 or fill out our contact form to schedule an appointment.